Cranial nerves are not like spinal nerves. The main differentiating feature is the houses that send the signals out to the nerves arise from the brain and spinal cord.
|Cranial Nerve 1||Olfactory||Smells|
|Cranial Nerve 2||Optic||Vision|
|Cranial Nerve 3||Oculomotor||Eye movement|
|Cranial Nerve 4||Trochlear||Movement of the eyes|
|Cranial Nerve 5||Trigeminal||Sensation to your face and movement of chewing muscles|
|Cranial Nerve 6||Abducent||Side-to-side movement of the eyes|
|Cranial Nerve 7||Facial||Movement of your face, tearing from the lacrimal gland, taste from the front of the tongue|
|Cranial Nerve 8||Auditory||Hearing and balance|
|Cranial Nerve 9||Glossopharyngeal||Controls the muscles for swallowing, secretions for parotid gland, sensation to part of the tongue and ear, taste from the back of the tongue|
|Cranial Nerve 10||Vagus||Controls the muscles in the back of the throat, helps make the abdominal organs work properly, helps regulate breathing, heart rate and blood pressure|
|Cranial Nerve 11||Accessory||Shoulder movement|
|Cranial Nerve 12||Hypoglossal||Supplies the muscle|
of the tongue
Thelan, L.A., Urden, L.D., Lough, M.E., Stacey, K.M. (1998).
Neurologic Anatomy and Physiology.
Mosby Inc. Critical Care Nursing: Diagnosis and Management
(3rd Edition) (pp 742-746)
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